Roman Egypt is well known as the granary of the empire, but it was so much more. It was also a base for military operations into Africa and the Middle East, and the starting point for the extremely important oceanic trade with Africa, India and China, the doorway to the outside world. The wealth that Egypt contributed propped up the empire, thanks to ruthless exploitation by the Roman emperors.
The architectural achievements of ancient Egypt remain unsurpassed, even today, and served as inspiration for the later civilizations from ancient Greece to modern-day America. I examine Egyptian monumental architecture from the Great Pyramids to Meroë in an attempt to broaden our ideas of meaning and practice regarding why and how people construct monuments.